WETLAND CONSERVATION PROJECT


GAVIER LAKE SURAT.


Gavier Lake is situated about 7 km from the buzzing city of Surat in Gavier village, the source of water for nearly 7 villages around it. As it is very near to city and the surrounding areas are developing in to housing colonies this lake has become very important to environmentalists and civic authorities. Once belong to the village, the lake went under the Gujarat Water Supply & Sewerage Board and now under Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC). Till 1990 the wetland housed many migratory and residential water birds. The surrounding areas of the lake had private farms so that birds could take extra advantage. But now most of them have become housing colonies so the birds have only the limited place surrounding the lake. Sources of water to lake are by rain and through a canal from Kakrapar dam. The lake is of one kilometer in circumference.



In 1990 Gujarat Water Supply and Sewerage Board wanted to dig up the lake so that more water is stored in the lake. Nature Club Surat went to the court and put up a stay on the project. The case resolved on the out of court settlement. The Gujarat Water Supply and Sewerage Board made arrangement for the aquatic animals in the nearby lake and the lake was dug a bit to accommodate more water. But as the nature has its own way, the lake collected more sediment in the course of years, making it again a wetland so now there are two lakes.



Members of Nature Club Surat are constant visitors to this place. The water birds of lake are being counted for Asian Water Fowl Census from 1986. It was noticed that the number of Migratory and resident birds were on a decline year after year. So we thought of doing something for the lake. Fund was a great problem. After Mr. Rajan Shah and Suzlon Energy Ltd agreed to sponsor the project, plans were made to fence the lake with chain link to a height of 6 ft and then plant trees like Banyan, Peepal , Umro , Coral etc, which will attract birds and butterflies. Necessary permissions were obtained from the Gujarat Water Supply and Sewerage Board and the village panchayat . We got the permission on 6th June 2003.



Clearing the periphery started in the month of March 2004. The place was covered with thorny shrubs and trees ( gando baval ). The fencing work was over by May. On 5th June ‘World environment day’ tree plantation was started. The lake has on an average 20 ft of land between the waterfront and the fence. Volunteers of Nature Club Surat visit the lake each Sunday to plant trees and water them. In 2004 we planted 500 trees. A full time watchman is employed to prevent the fencing being robbed and to keep the fisherman and bird trappers out. Now we have more than 3,000 trees and each year the number increases. Gando Baval is thinned according to the necessarily so that the green cover is maintained. 



The result of the work started showing in the coming months itself. Birds and butterflies made their presents felt. Month of September 2004 we check listed 74 different birds against 38 in 2003.  Nesting birds increased many folds from nearly nil last year. From June 2004 to September 2004 we have spotted the nests of Baya , Paradise Flycatcher, Plain Wren Warbler, Bronze-winged Jacana, Pheasant-tail Jacana, Purple moorhen, Purple Heron, Red-vented bulbul, Red Munia , White-throated Munia , Golden Oriole, Black Drongo , Asian Peafowl, White-breasted Waterhen , Great Indian Reed Warbler, and many more.  All the nests were successful and the fledging flew away in the right time, making the NATURE CLUB SURAT members proud for their work.




Financial Support is Required





What you can do to help us



         Donate generously to make the project a success.



         Help organize Drawing Competition in school, for generating funds for this project



 



         Adopt deer. Adoption cost per deer, per year 10,000/- , per pair 20,000/-, per deer family 25,000/-, Become a supporter 1000/-.



         Help us cerate awareness about the subject.





General Check lists of Birds of Gavier Lake Till April 2012



Number Name
1. Painted Francolin (Francolinus pictus )
2. Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus )
3. Jungle Bush-Quail (Perdicula asiatica )
4. Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus )
5. Lesser Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna javanica )
6. Comb Duck (Sarkidiornis melanotos )
7. Cotton Pygmy-goose (Nettapus coromandelianus )
8. Gadwall (Anas strepera )
9. Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope )
10. Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha )
11. Northern Shoveller (Anas clypeata )
12. Northern Pintail (Anas acuta )
13. Garganey (Anas querquedula )
14. Common Teal (Anas crecca )
15. Yellow-fronted Pied Woodpecker (Dendrocopos mahrattensis )
16. Coppersmith Barbet (Megalaima haemacephala )
17. Common Hoopoe (Upupa epops )
18. Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis )
19. Small Blue Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis )
20. White-breasted Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis )
21. Lesser Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis )
22 Black-capped Kingfisher (Halcyon pileata )
23. Small Bee-eater (Merops orientalis )
24. Blue-tailed Bee-eater (Merops philippinus )
25. Pied Crested Cuckoo (Clamator jacobinus )
26. Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea )
27. Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis )
28. Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri )
29. Asian Palm Swift (Cypsiurus balasiensis )
30. House Swift (Apus affinis )
31. Spotted Owlet (Athene brama )
32. BlueRock Pigeon (Columba livia )
33. LittleBrown Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis )
34. SpottedDove (Streptopelia chinensis )
35. EurasianCollared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto )
36. White-breastedWaterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus )
37.Baillon's Crake (Porzana pusilla )
38.Ruddy-breastedCrake (Porzana fusca )
39.PurpleSwamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio )
40.CommonMoorhen (Gallinula chloropus )
41.CommonCoot (Fulica atra )
42.CommonSnipe (Gallinago gallinago )
43.CommonRedshank (Tringa totanus )
44.GreaterPainted-Snipe (Rostratula benghalensis )
45.Watercock (Gallicrex cinerea )
46.GreenSandpiper (Tringa ochropus )
47.WoodSandpiper (Tringa glareola )
48.CommonSandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos )
49. LittleStint (Calidris minuta )
50.Pheasant-tailedJacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus )
51. Bronze-wingedJacana (Metopidius indicus )
52.Black-wingedStilt (Himantopus himantopus )
53.CommonRinged Plover (Charadrius hiaticula )
54.LittleRinged Plover (Charadrius dubius )
55.Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus )
56.Gull-billedTern (Gelochelidon nilotica )
57.RiverTern (Sterna aurantia )
58.LittleTern (Sterna albifrons )
59. Black-bellied Tern (Sterna acuticauda )
60.Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybridus )
61. Osprey (Pandion haliaetus )
62. Western Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus )
63. Black-shouldered Kite (Elanus caeruleus )
64. Black Kite (Milvus migrans )
65. Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus )
66. Indian White-backed Vulture (Gyps bengalensis )
67. Eurasian Hobby (Falco subbuteo )
68. Shikra (Accipiter badius )
69. Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis )
70. Darter (Anhinga melanogaster )
71. Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger )
72. Indian Shag (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis )
73. Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo )
74. Little Egret (Egretta garzetta )
75. Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea )
76. Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea )
77. Median Egret (Mesophoyx intermedia )
78. Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
79. Indian Pond Heron (Ardeola grayii )
80. Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax )
81. Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis )
82. Chestnut Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus )
83. Black Bittern (Dupetor flavicollis )
84. Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus )
85. Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus )
86. Black Ibis (Pseudibis papillosa )
87. Asian Openbill Stork (Anastomus oscitans )
88. Indian Pitta (Pitta brachyura )
89. Rufous -tailed Shrike (Lanius isabellinus )
90. Rufous -backed Shrike (Lanius schach )
91. House Crow (Corvus splendens )
92. Jungle Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos )
93. Eurasian Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus )
94. Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus )
95. Asian Paradise-Flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi )
96. Red-throated Flycatcher (Ficedula parva )
97. Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis )
98. Indian Robin (Saxicoloides fulicata )
99. Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica )
100. Common Stonechat (Saxicola torquata )
101. Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata )
102. Desert Wheatear (Oenanthe deserti )
103. Brahminy Starling (Sturnus pagodarum )
104. Rosy Starling (Sturnus roseus )
105. Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris )
106. Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis )
107. Bank Myna (Acridotheres ginginianus )
108. Dusky Crag Martin (Hirundo concolor )
109. Common Swallow (Hirundo rustica )
110. Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii )
111. Red-rumped Swallow (Hirundo daurica )
112. Streak-throated Swallow (Hirundo fluvicola )
113. Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus )
114. Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer )
115. White-browed Bulbul (Pycnonotus luteolus )
116. Ashy Prinia (Prinia socialis )
117. Plain Prinia (Prinia inornata )
118. Blyth's Reed-Warbler (Acrocephalus dumetorum )
119. Indian Great Reed-Warbler (Acrocephalus stentoreus )
120. Booted Warbler (Hippolais caligata )
121. Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius )
122. Common Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita )
123. Greenish Leaf-Warbler (Phylloscopus trochiloides )
124. Broad-tailed Grassbird (Schoenicola platyura )
125. Red-winged Bushlark (Mirafra erythroptera )
126. Ashy-crowned Sparrow-Lark (Eremopterix grisea )
127. Rufous -tailed Finch-Lark (Ammomanes phoenicurus )
128. Thick-billed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum agile)
129. Tickell's Flowerpecker (Dicaeum erythrorhynchos )
130. Purple-rumped Sunbird (Nectarinia zeylonica )
131. Purple Sunbird (Nectarinia asiatica )
132. House Sparrow (Passer domesticus )
133. White Wagtail (Motacilla alba)
134. Citrine Wagtail (Motacilla citreola )
135. Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava )
136. Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea )
137. Black-breasted Weaver (Ploceus benghalensis )
138. Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus )
139. Red Munia (Amandava amandava )
140. White-throated Munia (Lonchura malabarica )
141. Spotted Munia (Lonchura punctulata )
142. Black-headed Munia (Lonchura malacca )


Nesting Birds of Gavier Lake Till April 2012



Number Name
1. Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus )
2. White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus )
3. Watercock (Gallicrex cinerea )
4. Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus )
5. Bronze-winged Jacana (Metopidius indicus )
6. Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea )
7. Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis )
8. Chestnut Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus )
9. Black Bittern (Dupetor flavicollis )
10. Eurasian Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus )
11. Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus )
12. Asian Paradise-Flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi )
13. Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis )
14. Indian Robin (Saxicoloides fulicata )
15. Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis )
16. Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus )
17. Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer )
18. Ashy Prinia (Prinia socialis )
19. Plain Prinia (Prinia inornata )
20. Indian Great Reed-Warbler (Acrocephalus stentoreus )
21. Thick-billed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum agile)
22. Tickell's Flowerpecker (Dicaeum erythrorhynchos )
23. Purple-rumped Sunbird (Nectarinia zeylonica )
24. Purple Sunbird (Nectarinia asiatica )
25. Red Munia (Amandava amandava )
26. White-throated Munia (Lonchura malabarica )
27. Spotted Munia (Lonchura punctulata )
28. Black-headed Munia (Lonchura malacca )
29. Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio )
30. Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus )
31. Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus )
32. House Crow (Corvus splendens )
33. Baillon's Crake (Porzana pusilla )
34. Ruddy-breasted Crake (Porzana fusca )


General Check lists of Butterflies of Gavier Lake Till April 2012



No Common Name Scientific Name
1. Baronet Euthalia nais
2. Black Rajah Charaxes solon
3. Chocolate Pansy Précis iphita
4. Common Albatross Appias asbina
5. Common Banded Awl Hasora chromus
6. Common Baron Euthalia aconthea
7. Common Cerulean Famides celeno
8. Common Emigrant Catopsilia pomona
9. Common Evening Brown Melanitis leda
10 Common Grass Dart Taractrocera maevius
11 Common Grass Yellow Eurema hecabe
12 Common Gull Cepora nerissa
13 Common Indian Crow Euploea core
14 Common Jezebel Delias eucharis
15 Common Mormon (Female) Papilio polytes
16 Common Mormon (Male) Papilio polytes
17 Common Rose Pachliopta aristolochiae
18 Common Sailor Neptis hyias
19 Common Sergeant Athyma perius
20 Common Small Flat Sarangesa dasahara
21 Common spotted Flat Celaenorrhinus leucocera
22 Common Three Ring Ypthima asterope
23 Common Wanderer Pareronia valeria
24 Crimson Rose Pachliopta hector
25 Danaid Eggfly Hypolimnas misippus
26 Dark Blue Tiger Tirumala septentrionis
27 Dark Cerulean Jamides bochus
28 Dark Palm Dart Telicota ancilla
29 Giant Red Eye Gangara thyrsis
30 Glassy Tiger Parantica aglea -
31 Gram Blue Euchrysops cnejus
32 Grass Jewel   Freyeria trochilus
33 Gray Pansy Funonia atlites
34 Great Egg Fly Hypolimnas bolina
35 Great Orange Tip Hebomoia giaucippe
36 Indian Cabbage White Artogeia canidia
37 Indian Skipper Spialia galba
38 Lemon Pansy Funonia lemonias
39 Lime Butterfly Papilio demoleus
40 Line Blue Chilades laius
41 Mottled Emigrant Catopsilia pyranthe
42 Painted Lady Vanessa cardui
43 Pale Grass blue Zizeeria maha
44 Peacock Pansy Funonia almana
45 Pioneer Anaphaeis surota
46 Plain Tiger Danaus chrysippus
47 Rice Swift Borbo cinnara
48 Rounded Pierrot Tarucus ananda
49 Rustic Cupha erymanthis
50 Small Orange Tip Colotis etrida
51 Spot Swordtail Phthysa nomius
52 Spotless Grass Yellow Eurema laeta boisduval
53 Striped Tiger Danaus genutia
54 Sun Beam Curetis thetis
55 Tailed Jay Graphium agamemnon
56 Tawny Castor Acraea terpsicore
57 Tiny Grass Blue Zizula hylax
58 White Orange Tip Ixias marianne
59 Yellow Orange Tip Ixias pyrene
60 Zebra Blue Leptotes plinius


General Check lists of Wild Flowers of Gavier Lake Till April 2012



No. Common Name Scientific Name
1. Common Water Lily Nymphaea pubescens
2. Mexican Poppy Argemone Mexicana
3. Wild Ladies’ Finger Abelmoschus manihot
4. Brazil Jute Malachra capilata
5. Common Purple Mallow Urena lobata
6. Little Tree Plant Biophytum sensitivum
7. Crab-eyed Creeper Abrus precatorius
8. Butterfly Bean Clitoria ternate
9. Greater Rattle Pod Crotalaria leschenaultia
10 Forest Beanstalk Derris scandens
11 Silky Indigo Indigofera astragalina
12 Common Cowitch Mucuna pruriens
13 Wild Moong Vigna radiate
14 Tanner’s Cassia Cassia auriculata
15 Senna Sophera Cassia sophera
16 Pot Cassia Cassia tora
17 Common Passion Flower Passiflora foetida
18 Ivy Gourd Coccinia grandis
19 Common Fringed-flower Vine Trichosanthes cucumerina
20 Giant Milkweed Calotropis gigantean
21 Rosy Milkweed Twiner Oxystelma secamone
22 Hedge Glory Ipomoea carnea
23 Blue Dawn Glory Ipomoea nil
24 Yellow-berried Nightshade Solnum surattense
25 Little Gooseberry Physalis minima
26 Devil’s Claw Martynia annua
27 Oriental Sesame Sesamum orientale
28 Common Cough Cure Adhatoda zelanica
29 Marsh Barbel Hygrophila schulli
30 Common Hedge Bower Clerodendrum inerme
31 Bank Mat Phyla nodiflora
32 Common Lantana Lantana camara
33 Jamaican Blue-spike Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
34 Indian Catmint Anisomeles indica
35 Tangle Mat Alternanthera sessilis
36 Prickly Amaranth Amaranthus spinosus
37 Honeysuckle Mistletoe Dendrophthoe falcata
38 Common spurge Euphorbia hirta
39 Spiny Asparagus Asparagus racemosus
40 Water Hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes

 



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