You will be surprised to know that vulture population in
Asia has declined by 98% Vultures, though they are birds of prey, they need
only on carcasses. These scavengers hence check the spread of diseases which
are propagated due to decaying carcasses. If we so not take some concrete steps
in immediately, soon this important link of Nature’s food chain will be lost.
Vultures have almost vanished from many states in India. Its population in
Gujarat, 12 years back was about 15,000, today there are only about 950
vultures left in Gujarat. Nature Club Surat along with BCSG has taken up the
challenge to save the vulture in wild since 2005.
Nature Club Surat has always worked for the conservation of
Nature’s Heritage. We decided was time to act and act fast! We started with
whatever little money and material we had one step at a time. A survey showed
that there were about 60 to 70 vultures around Hazira about 30kms away from
Surat. We started providing diclofenac (harmful drug for vultures ) free food.
Volunteers themselves started collecting cattle that had died due to road
accident. Vultures started flocking at the site. Soon food was not enough so
cattle breeders were contacted, educated, requested and cooperation sought and
more food was available. In this way, the vulture conservation project was
launched. Obstacles aroused and were dealt with. We are happy and proud to
inform you that the vulture population at Hazira today has risen to about 83.
Degradation of Natural Habitat:
Vultures prefer huge trees for their roosting and nesting.
However, large trees and being cut both in the forest area and near human
Use of carcasses by human for skin, etc. and increasing
population of stray dogs is creating scarcity of food for vultures.
Scientists have found that vultures eating dead animals that
have been treated with drug called Diclofenac develop toxicity of liver and
internal gout and ultimately die.
Nature Club Surat conducts the following activities for the conservation of vultures:
Vulture Awareness Programs:
Vulture awareness programs are conducted with audio visual tools
especially in schools and other organizations near areas inhabited by vultures.
School children are educated about the need of conservation of
vultures. This has proved very beneficial because these school children now
immediately inform our volunteers when they see sick or injured birds. They
also keep us informed about any new nests they may have spotted.
Awareness programs and direct interactions with locals and cattle
breeding tribes (rabaries).
Vulture feeding site by Nature Club Surat:
Vulture feeding site at Hazira, Surat was established by the club
“Diclofenac free” food is regularly provided at the site.
Dogs and other disturbances are kept away from the site.
meloxicam in place of diclofenac:
Meloxicam is a safe substitute for diclofenac but is a little
costlier. Nature Club Surat is distributing meloxicam all over Gujarat at
We also conduct regular meetings with veterinary doctors to
make them aware of the dangers of diclofenac.
Vulture rescue, treatment & release:
Nature Club Surat rescues ill or injured vultures and provides
treatment from expert veterinary doctors.
Huge cages have been fabricated to keep the vultures till they
These vultures are released back into the wild when they are
fit enough to fly.
an observant eye on:
Nature Club Surat regularly monitors vultures, their nests and
their habitat. Visits to vulture sites with students and locals help in
collecting relevant data.
Every year, vulture census is conducted by the club.
What you can do to save the VULTURE?
If you happen to see a vulture in need of help, inform the club immediately
If you are a veterinary doctor, please say no to diclofenac, use meloxicam.
Instead of burying dead animals, donate them for our vulture
If you find any veterinary doctor using diclofenac, please
report to the district veterinary officer.